Literature References

References to pulsed dipolar EPR spectroscopy and articles citing the QLP probe

References Specific to the Bridge12 QLP Probe

List of links to scientific publications in which the Bridge12 QLP resonator was used:

  1. Hasanbasri, Zikri, Nicholas A. Moriglioni, and Sunil Saxena. “Efficient Sampling of Molecular Orientations for Cu(II)-Based DEER on Protein Labels.” Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, March 15, 2023.

General References

The field of pulsed dipolar spectroscopy is rapidly evolving. Below, find some general literature references for dipolar spectroscopy and the required instrumentation.


  1. Goldfarb, Daniella. “Pulse EPR in Biological Systems – Beyond the Expert’s Courtyard.” Journal of Magnetic Resonance 306 (September 2019): 102–8.
  2. Tsvetkov, Yuri D., Michael Bowman, and Yuri Grishin. Pulsed Electron–Electron Double Resonance: Nanoscale Distance Measurement in the Biological, Materials and Chemical Sciences. Springer International Publishing, 2019.
  3. Jeschke, Gunnar. “DEER Distance Measurements on Proteins.” Annual Review of Physical Chemistry 63, no. 1 (2012): 419–46.

Double-Quantum Coherence (DQC) Spectrosocpy:

  1. Borbat, Petr P., and Jack H. Freed. “Multiple-Quantum ESR and Distance Measurements.” Chemical Physics Letters 313, no. 1–2 (November 1999): 145–54.


  1. Milov, A. D., A. B. Ponomarev, and Yu. D. Tsvetkov. “Electron-Electron Double Resonance in Electron Spin Echo: Model Biradical Systems and the Sensitized Photolysis of Decalin.” Chemical Physics Letters 110, no. 1 (September 14, 1984): 67–72.


  1. Jeschke, G., M. Pannier, A. Godt, and H. W. Spiess. “Dipolar Spectroscopy and Spin Alignment in Electron Paramagnetic Resonance.” Chemical Physics Letters 331, no. 2 (December 1, 2000): 243–52. Q-Band LGR Resonators
  2. Denysenkov, Vasyl, Philipp van Os, and Thomas F. Prisner. “Q-Band Loop-Gap Resonator for EPR Applications with Broadband-Shaped Pulses.” Applied Magnetic Resonance 48 (December 1, 2017): 1263–72.
  3. Tschaggelar, Rene, Frauke D. Breitgoff, Oliver Oberhänsli, Mian Qi, Adelheid Godt, and Gunnar Jeschke. “High-Bandwidth Q-Band EPR Resonators.” Applied Magnetic Resonance 48 (December 1, 2017): 1273–1300.


  1. Kulik, L. V., S. A. Dzuba, I. A. Grigoryev, and Yu. D. Tsvetkov. “Electron Dipole–Dipole Interaction in ESEEM of Nitroxide Biradicals.” Chemical Physics Letters 343, no. 3 (August 3, 2001): 315–24.
  2. Milikisyants, Sergey, Francesco Scarpelli, Michelina G. Finiguerra, Marcellus Ubbink, and Martina Huber. “A Pulsed EPR Method to Determine Distances between Paramagnetic Centers with Strong Spectral Anisotropy and Radicals: The Dead-Time Free RIDME Sequence.” Journal of Magnetic Resonance 201, no. 1 (November 2009): 48–56.
  3. Abdullin, Dinar, Fraser Duthie, Andreas Meyer, Elisa S. Müller, Gregor Hagelueken, and Olav Schiemann. “Comparison of PELDOR and RIDME for Distance Measurements between Nitroxides and Low-Spin Fe(III) Ions.” The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 119, no. 43 (October 29, 2015): 13534–42.

What’s next?

Last modified March 27, 2023: Updated QLP manual (b5efa1d)